Her parents were immigrant Jews. In that publication Friedan called for a shift in the feminist Among her other accomplishments, Friedan was the founder and first president of the National Organization for Women (NOW).

New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000. Her father worked his way up to become the owner of a jewelry See also feminism; Sidebar: Betty Friedan: The Quality of Life. Friedan was among the founders of the National In 1967, the first NOW convention took on the Equal Rights Amendment and abortion, though NOW viewed the abortion issue as highly controversial and focused more on political and employment equality. (Documentary, 2014). She organized the Women’s Strike for Equality on August 26, 1970 on the 50th anniversary of women’s suffrage, to raise awareness about gender discrimination. She urged the movement to avoid acting in ways that made it difficult for "mainstream" men and women to identify with feminism. http://www.history.com/topics/womens-history/betty-friedan/videos, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_p6q578Bw94, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LwwzRDvkpsc, She’s Beautiful When She’s Angry. The loss of that career affected her mother deeply, and she appointment did not go through. Betty Friedan (February 4, 1921–February 4, 2006) was an author and activist whose seminal 1963 book "The Feminine Mystique" is credited with helping spark the modern feminist movement in the United States.Among her other accomplishments, Friedan was the founder and first president of the National Organization for Women (NOW).
was when she first began writing. In 1942, she graduated with a degree in psychology. The organization was called the National Friedan did more than write about confining gender stereotypes — she became a force for change. (Simon & Schuster, 2006). to) against workers on the basis of sex. Hennessee, Judith Adler. It has sold several million copies and been translated into multiple languages. From an early age, Friedan was interested in Marxism and social justice. Glimmers of her later interest in women’s rights also emerged at this time, as she authored union pamphlets arguing for workplace rights for women. held on August 26—the fiftieth anniversary of the day women Her father was a jeweler and her mother, who had been an editor of the women's pages of a newspaper, left her job to become a homemaker. Friedan, Betty. Friedan, Betty. In 1974 she had an audience Accessed 8 August 2017 http://now.org/about/history/founding-2/. that airlines could not fire female flight attendants because they Although she received a fellowship to study at the University of California, Berkeley, she only spent a brief time there before relocating in the mid-1940s to New York City. founder. As World War II raged on, Friedan became involved in a number of political causes. The turnout was beyond expectations; 50,000 women participated in New York alone.

The Second Stage. human life open to us." National Abortion Rights Action League (an organization that supports a Betty Friedan launched modern feminism, arguably the most influential and successful intellectual movement of the 20th century. Women have repeatedly described how they felt when reading the book: They realized they were not alone and that they could aspire to something more than the life they were being encouraged or even forced to lead. Betty Friedan. N.O.W campaigned for that the laws surrounding gender equality in regards to employment and pay be enforced. Carswell's The couple divorced in 1969. (UMass Amherst Press, 2000). store; her mother had to give up her job on a newspaper when she Susan B. Anthony was a suffragist, abolitionist, author and speaker who was the president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. In 1956, the couple moved from Queens, New York, to suburban Rockland County, where Friedan became a housewife, supplementing her family’s income with freelance writing for women’s magazines. participated in the National Conference of Women in Houston, Texas, were also unhappy with their lives. organization's efforts, the Equal Opportunities Commission ruled activities. In 1969, Friedan helped found the National Conference for the Repeal of Abortion Laws to focus more on the abortion issue; this organization changed its name after the Roe v. Wade decision to become the National Abortion Rights Action League (NARAL). Attacking the notion that "biology is discriminating (denying opportunities to or providing unequal treatment Coretta Scott King was an American civil rights activist and the wife of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. Social activist, writer, editor and lecturer Gloria Steinem has been an outspoken champion of women's rights since the 1960s. this all?'" the beds, shopped for groceries … she The Fountain of Age.

was never able to achieve. Her politics increasingly moved toward the left, as Friedan became involved with various labor and union issues. Friedan wrote up her results and tried to sell the article to magazines but could find no buyers. Friedan made a Betty later dropped out of her doctoral program at the University of California at Berkeley, where she was studying group dynamics, and moved to New York to pursue a career. Although it was later occasionally eclipsed by younger and more-radical groups, NOW remained the largest and probably the most effective organization in the women’s movement. Betty Naomi Goldstein was born on February 4, 1921 in Peoria, Illinois, achieving a number of important gains. In high school, Friedan and some friends published alternative news articles to the school paper. [air of mystery] of age and that view of the aged as objects of care and Abortion Rights Action League in 1969. Friedan, Betty. Mary Walker was a physician and women's rights activist who received the Medal of Honor for her service during the Civil War. American women's rights activist, author, and organization It is a key text in Women’s Studies and U.S. history classes. The Feminine Mystique, a landmark book by feminist Betty Friedan published in 1963 that described the pervasive dissatisfaction among women in mainstream American society in the post- World War II period. Friedan led a 20,000 strong march through New York in 1970 calling for equal rights and abortion rights. As more diverse voices emerged within the women’s movement, Friedan not only struggled to retain her leadership but was criticized by other feminists for focusing on issues facing primarily white, middle-class, educated, heterosexual women. Peoria, Illinois In the Friedan co-founded the National Organization for Women in 1966 and served as its first president. The union gave her no help in fighting this firing, and so she became a housewife and mother, living in the suburbs. Organization for Women (NOW), and Freidan became its first president. both men and women to break free of the roles they had been pressured to Betty Friedan. she had previously worked refused to publish it. Ever politically expedient, Friedan believed the only hope for change was by retaining the movement’s mainstream ties and veneer. Friedan stepped down from the presidency in March 1970 but continued to be active in the work that had sprung largely from her pioneering efforts, helping to organize the Women’s Strike for Equality—held on August 26, 1970, the 50th anniversary of woman suffrage—and leading in the campaign for ratification of the proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. She argued that https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2920964/.

For years, Friedan toured the United States speaking about "The Feminine Mystique" and introducing audiences to her groundbreaking work and to feminism. They had three children together, Daniel, Emily, and Jonathan. make abortion (a woman's right to end a pregnancy) legal and to Friedan was among those present who decided that the meeting was unsatisfying, as it didn't generate any actions to implement the findings on the inequality of women. Radical feminists also blasted Friedan for referring to lesbian women in the movement as the “lavender menace,” and for Friedan’s willingness to cooperate with men. Carswell had defied the Civil Rights Act by ruling that employers had The book quickly became a sensation, creating a social revolution by dispelling the myth that all women wanted to be happy homemakers and marking the start of what would become Friedan's incredibly significant role in the women's rights movement. Betty Friedan is a leader of the feminist (women's rights) movement, author of The Feminine Mystique, and a founding member of the National Organization for Women (NOW), the National Abortion Rights Action League (an organization that supports a woman's right to end a pregnancy), and the National Women's Political Caucus. Friedan was born on February 4, 1921, in Peoria, Illinois as Betty Naomi Goldstein. She took a maternity leave from her job for their first child; she was fired when she asked for maternity leave for her second child in 1949. had been introduced in Congress by Alice Paul (1885–1977) in 1923 preserve abortion rights.

Friedan was elected N.O.W’s first president. In 1947, she married Carl Friedan. This lesson seeks to explore the role of Black women in the Women’s Suffrage Movement and their exclusion from the generally accepted Women’s Suffrage narrative. She felt that society saw and treated both women and Jews as inferior. Betty Friedan, née Bettye Naomi Goldstein, (born February 4, 1921, Peoria, Illinois, U.S.—died February 4, 2006, Washington, D.C.), American feminist best known for her book The Feminine Mystique (1963), which explored the causes of the frustrations of modern women in traditional roles. https://www.radcliffe.harvard.edu/schlesinger-library/collection/betty-friedan, https://www.biography.com/people/betty-friedan-9302633, National Library of Medicine. Friedan died on February 4, 2006, in Washington, D.C. The organization was successful in Friedan later explored the later stages of a woman's life in The Fountain of Age, which was published in 1993, when she was in her 70s. equality. Jone Johnson Lewis is a women's history writer who has been involved with the women's movement since the late 1960s. Most were unhappy in their roles. In 1963, writer, feminist and women's rights activist Betty Friedan published The Feminine Mystique, which explores the idea of women finding fulfillment beyond traditional roles. The Feminine Mystique.

The book became a best seller, and Friedan became a prominent women’s rights advocate. Pushing for women to have a greater role in the political process, she co-founded the National Organization for Women in 1966, subsequently serving as its first president.
Accessed 8 August 2017 http://now.org/about/history/statement-of-purpose/. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, exercising all the privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men.” The organization’s first action: to demand that the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission enforce the provisions of Title VII guaranteeing equality in employment.

Friedan still mixed with Marxists and she wrote for left-wing papers.