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Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.

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0000006889 00000 n Scarcity of Lands, Services and Security of Tenure The inability of most low income earners to secure cheap plots with services and the prevalence of non-secure tenures invariably breed squatting, congestion and consequently the growth of slums. Urban decay in Nigeria is essentially caused by rapid urbanization and the mismatch in the provision and maintenance of housing and infrastructure. o�m�ә�2�ʹvi+2'zJ&u�c�?�9�81��LQ��ѕo����h��A��hl�*�����A�B�"��� While drawing useful information from approaches to, and successes in city regeneration from some other countries, the paper proposes some professional group input approaches and solutions that can suit local conditions in Nigeria. 3, no. 0000006385 00000 n
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Factors Resulting in the Formation of Slums in Nigeria There are several factors which contribute to the prevalence of slums in Nigeria. Most of the housing quality related problems in Nigeria results largely from inadequately planned land use and non-secure land tenure, poverty, poor construction and weak development control. 0 Generally, slums in the traditional sense includes housing areas that were once desirable but which deteriorated after the original dwellers moved on to new and better parts of the city. International Conference held on the 18. Formation of slums are a common corollary of urbanization with particular reference to developing countries such as Nigeria. y��/��EG�O��-Kɞ�w�sw|@n[������\�?%�,��� startxref �8�z*�#�:�V4��S�y�H4�46܉�� This approach was based on the notion that such slums were illegal, but temporary, and would disappear with economic growth (UN-HABITAT, 2003b). Paper presented at the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria, 2003. 0000002040 00000 n

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Urban Regeneration Efforts: Example from Selected Continents, 7. 45-51. doi: 10.5923/j.env.20130302.02.

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Brand Stewart, How slums can save the planet.

Guardian News and Media Limited, 2011. <> Arimah, Ben C., Slums as expression of social exclusion: Explaining the prevalence of slums in African countries, Paper presented at United Nations Human Settlement Programme, held at Nairobi, Kenya, 2001.

w����ʨ�������OM �*��� �.�SZ�0��|;����фY One of the disturbing features of rapid urbanization in Nigeria has been the formation and development of slums in urban centres, many of these slums are developing as rapidly as the city itself, consequently leading into urban poverty. Vestbro, D. U. The inadequacy of the quality of most urban housing stems mainly from the poor physical state of the buildings. Slums accommodate the majority of the population of cities in developing countries and it is estimated to be home to over 800million people.

How Architects Can Contribute to Slum Prevention and Control, 8.1. 'l�`�

Printed in Nigeria (2018) Jointly published by: Heinrich Böll Stiftung Nigeria 3rd Floor, Rukayyat Plaza 93, Obafemi Awolowo Way Opposite Jabi Motor Park Jabi District, Abuja, Nigeria FABULOUS URBAN c/o Vulkanplatz 7 8048 Zürich Switzerland This work is licensed under the Creative …
A sizeable proportion of this figure is in sub-Saharan Africa, with Nigeria having the largest number. 4 0 obj 0000003244 00000 n It posits that regeneration policy; planning and implementation should be inclusive of the input of architects working closely with slum dwellers, administrators and other relevant stakeholders to ensure that occurrences of slums are reduced to the barest minimum. Omirin M Modupe, Issues in Land Accessibility in Nigeria, (in Omirin, M. M; Nubi, T. Gbenga and Fawehinmi, S. A (eds) Land Management and Property Tax Reform in Nigeria.

49-70, 2003. Pp. Some of the contributory factors are: 3.1. endstream United Nations -Habitat, “Cities, Slums and Millennium Development Goals”, Asia-Pacific Ministerial Conference on Housing and Human Settlements, 2006. Cite this paper: Sunday A. Bobadoye, Alexander A. Fakere, Slum Prevalence in Nigeria: What Role for Architects?, World Environment, Vol. 0000003569 00000 n <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 33 0 R 34 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 6 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>> IN Nigeria, access and quality of health care services are a challenge, ... Nigeria’s urban slums and health problems. Fourchard, L., Urban Slums Report: The Case of Ibadan, Nigeria.

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Osoko, O.S., “Environmental Sanitation and the Health of the People of Ogun State: A Case Study of Abeokuta”, MURP Thesis, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, 2000. Owoeye, J. O., An Assessment of Public Health and Environmental Sanitation in Akure, Ondo State. 2, pp. 0000003108 00000 n Olotuah, A. O., Housing Quality in suburban areas: An empirical study of Oba-Ile, Nigeria, Dimensi Teknik Arsitektur, vol. 0000060428 00000 n

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The Review of Some Previous Regeneration Programmes in Nigeria, 6. <> Bello, A.A., “An Appraisal of Socio-Economic Effects of Slum Environment on Urban Dwellers: A case study of Osogbo in Osun State”, B. Sc. The condition of the old homes declined as they were progressively subdivided and … ��)�>44����z$��_�x��n�)�̻�c��,u�k�a�Ɩ�3�O�:YK��\y�Y�������m��//l���3�}�M�fY�/ 0000001724 00000 n Countries (LDCs) such as Nigeria, where slums have grown as a seemingly inevitable part of the urban area.

3543 0 obj <> endobj 0000000016 00000 n 1 0 obj Slums were also tolerated because they were seen as vestiges of ‘traditional villages’ that were in the process of stream endobj stream Papers from a Seminar in Barcelona, 2008 Online Available: George, C.K., Basic Principles and Methods of Urban and Regional Planning, Libra – Gen Limited, Nigeria, 1999.

Online Available:, United Nations Habitat, “State of the World’s cities 2010/2011: Bridging the Urban Divide”, United Nations Human Settlements Programme.

formation of slums in Nigeria’s major cities. <> In Vestbro (Eds) Are Architects and Planners obstacles to slum upgrading? Olanrewaju, D. O., “Town Planning: A Veritable Means for Poverty Reduction”; 38th Inaugural Lecture; Federal University of Technology, Akure, 26th October, 2004. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R 25 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>>

0000005621 00000 n Neglect of Buildings and Their Environment which Makes Them Become Derelict, 3.4. 3. Confirming the above, is the unavoidable evidence of “SLUMS” in the following locations; Cazenga in Angola, Nima in Accra Ghana, Ajegunle in Lagos Nigeria, Mukuru Kwa Njenga in Kenya and so on. As cited by[16], 75% of the dwelling units in urban centres in Nigeria are substandard and the dwellings sited in slums.

Literature review Writer such as Jessor, (1991) assert that large segments of our young people are growing up in circumstances of limited resources and pervasive adversity that, for many of them, their health, their development, indeed their lives as a whole, are certain to be severely and perhaps irretrievably compromised. �\��[y�~��d��{�2�/�3��˳A��f�ݑx^O~(���2n7��mلh����ɛ�ۓ����J�MU�"�.�, �a^��Gs�+ ��>~=/D�� ��5��Ι����=�^��POg��}�f���ꔙcI9��= \?���EY�XL�JO�u)�.���ء(U�UF_Xv{��5em��oAs쁬d��0���R��4ݦ�1XU��k�`Q�t`��W!zBZ��DK�[�a_W�4"�e���_c�*+u3�L��.�h��Ǐ\�b��Mik�S[Z��N������M�C� �J� �Ș4 p�d���*uh���g��*��1 �Jm�-]J���Ǻ���# VPD ������MUZ��*e����~�ԛ�0�40�Jપ5tQO,��z=u�%O_���Y��i�zDZG#�Lcd���0H�ODf`M 133 -137, 2006. Some of the contributory factors are: 3.1.

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