Friedan's agenda for change in The Feminine Mystique was quite modest, especially for someone with her radical background. The number of women elected to office at every level of government has spiraled.

When Betty Friedan produced The Feminine Mystique in 1963, she could not have realized how the discovery and debate of her contemporaries' general malaise would shake up society. Chapter 11: Friedan notes that since many women have been unable to find fulfillment in housework and child-rearing, they begin to seek fulfillment through sex.

These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan.

These notes were contributed by members of the GradeSaver community. Not affiliated with Harvard College. We made it easy for you to exercise your right to vote! The next year -- the fiftieth anniversary of the Nineteenth Amendment guaranteeing women the vote -- she helped organize the Women's Strike for Equality. The book examines the many ways in which women were still oppressed by American society. The Feminine Mystique spent six weeks on the New York Times best-seller list.

In this book, Friedan discusses the dissatisfaction and frustration of American women around the country who were college educated but were still only seen as a housewife. Today is National Voter Registration Day! Johnson quickly became a national hero, though his fame was short-lived, and he never again competed in the Olympics. She discusses her own decision to conform to societal expectations as a housewife when she abandoned a promising career in psychology so that she could raise children. Most members of Congress viewed the law primarily in terms of race and hardly noticed that "sex" was included. She observes that other young women still struggle with that exact decision. Friedan influenced the push for the 1963 Equal Pay Act, the budding pro-choice movement, and other activists, both through her writing and through her co-founding of the National Organization for Women, whose charter she drafted in language similar to that of her book.

Chapter 13: Friedan refers to Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Her mother, Miriam, was the daughter of Jewish immigrants from Hungary. His latest book is The 100 Greatest Americans of the 20th Century: A Social Justice Hall of Fame A different version of this article appeared in Truth-out. this section. She mostly encouraged women to get an education and to prepare themselves for a career beyond housework. After she married, her husband insisted that she quit working and focus on being a housewife and mother. We need to reframe the concept of success. Frustrated but confident that she was on to something important, she persevered despite the rejections from magazine editors. All Rights Reserved. ©2020 Verizon Media. Freud saw women as childlike and that their sole destiny was to be housewives. A leading figure in the women's movement in the United States, her 1963 book Bettye majored in psychology, and as editor of the Smith College Weekly, she revitalized the paper from a bland publication filled with gossip and social news to a far more political outlet, the Smith College Associate News (SCAN). She ends the text by promoting education and work that is meaningful as the ultimate method through which American women can combat the feminine mystique. Friedan begins her introduction by discussing "the problem that has no name." In 1963, there were two women in the US Senate and only 12 women in the House of Representatives. Though perhaps not the typical housewife—she had been involved in radical politics from a young age and had a degree in psychology from Smith College—Betty Friedan is often credited as the first to give voice to the suffering of millions of seemingly-content American women. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Friedan also co-founded the National Abortion Rights Action League (originally the National Association for the Repeal of Abortion Laws) in 1969. This experience prompted her research into the phenomenon that was plaguing these suburban housewives. It is your right and your responsibility. When The Feminine Mystique was published, men's turnout at the polls exceeded that of women by five percent. Despite their affluence, the Goldsteins were never fully accepted into Peoria society. Because the ancient Egyptians saw their pharaohs as gods, they carefully preserved their bodies after death, burying them more, U.S. officials report that, in addition to the 800,000 people listed as refugees prior to January 30, the fighting during the Tet Offensive has created 350,000 new refugees. She wrote for the school paper, composed poems and founded the literary magazine (which published articles on strikes and labor conflict occurring in the area), won a prize for an essay on the Constitution, recited the Gettysburg Address at a Memorial Day celebration, joined the debating society, acted in school plays, wrote articles about the growing threat of fascism in Europe, and graduated as one of the class valedictorians. more. Chapter 8: Friedan discusses the influence of World War II and the Cold War on American Culture. Jews were banned from joining the prestigious Peoria Country Club. Few employers have "family friendly" policies that allow spouses -- or single parents -- more flexibility in arranging their work lives.