[26][29][30], Hearst and the Harris couple hijacked two cars and abducted the owners. All Rights Reserved. [13][49], Her first lawyer, Terence Hallinan, had advised Hearst not to talk to anyone, including psychiatrists. Her great-grandmother was philanthropist Phoebe Hearst. [19][20][21] Two men entered the bank while the robbery was occurring and were shot and wounded. Randolph Hearst hesitantly gave away some $2 million worth of food. "[10], Testifying for the prosecution, Dr. Harry Kozol said Hearst had been "a rebel in search of a cause", and her participation in the Hibernia robbery had been "an act of free will. San Francisco (AP), "Security plan would have Patty at home". By this point in the Hearst case, the FBI had launched one of the most massive, agent-intensive searches in its history to find Hearst and stop the SLA in its tracks.
", "Fugitive Patty Hearst may face intent-to-kill charges", Fugitive Patty Hearst May Face Intent To Kill Charges, "Testimony of Thomas Matthews in the Patty Hearst Trial", Greg Goldin, "The Last Revolutionary: Sara Jane Olson Speaks", "Timothy Casey -- S.F. "[48], After some weeks, Hearst repudiated her SLA allegiance. Patty Hearst and two other SLA members wanted for the April bank robbery were not on the premises. "San Francisco Bailey tangles with witness". [6] She attended Menlo College in Atherton, California,[7] before transferring to the University of California, Berkeley. Lifton, author of several books on coercive persuasion and thought reform, [...] pronounced me a 'classic case' which met all the psychological criteria of a coerced prisoner of war. R. Evid. Harris recognized Atwood's acquaintance Kathy Soliah among the radicals whom she'd known from civil rights groups. [32][32], Hearst helped make improvised explosive devices. He testified at the trial to her discussing the effectiveness of cyanide-tipped bullets and repeatedly asking if he was okay. She became internationally known for events following her 1974 kidnapping by the left-wing organization Symbionese Liberation Army. In April, however, the situation changed dramatically when a surveillance camera took a photo of Hearst participating in an armed robbery of a San Francisco bank, and she was also spotted during a robbery of a Los Angeles store. She was given the maximum sentence possible of 35 years' imprisonment, pending a reduction at final sentence hearing, which Carter declined to specify. Some theorize that she fell in love with one of the group’s members (named “Cujo,” whom she mentioned in one of the released videos), while others theorize that she joined the SLA’s mission out of fear, sympathy, or brainwashing. "[10] In a different account, Hearst said she had been offered the choice of being released or joining the SLA. Patty Hearst was the granddaughter of newspaper tycoon William Randolph Hearst. On May 16, 1974, SLA members were caught stealing ammunition from a local store in Los Angeles, California. She was held in custody, and there was speculation before trial that her family's resources would enable her to avoid time in prison. He advocated a defense of involuntary intoxication: that the SLA had given her drugs that affected her judgment and recollection.
[80], Hearst produced a special for the Travel Channel titled Secrets of San Simeon with Patricia Hearst, in which she took viewers inside her grandfather's mansion Hearst Castle, providing unprecedented access to the property.[81]. In 1976, she was convicted for the crime of bank robbery and sentenced to 35 years in prison, later reduced to 7 years. [66] Bailey's final statement to the court was, "But simple application of the rules, I think, will yield one decent result, and, that is, there is not anything close to proof beyond a reasonable doubt that Patty Hearst wanted to be a bank robber. [43][61][62], After a few months, Hearst provided information to the authorities, not under oath (sworn testimony could have been used to convict her) of SLA activities. Patty Hearst kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army, https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/patty-hearst-kidnapped. "Lighter Sentence If Patty Hearst Was Poor", NBC, Transcript: "Kidnapped Heiress: The Patty Hearst Story", List of people who disappeared mysteriously: post-1970, List of people pardoned or granted clemency by the president of the United States, "Radically different: Heiress' life far removed from days of '74 kidnapping", "Patty Hearst Profile--Radically different--Heiress' life far removed from days of '74 kidnapping", "Desert Sun 22 May 1974 — California Digital Newspaper Collection", "Excerpt of Cross-Examination of Defendant, Patty Hearst", "Interview with Patty Hearst – Transcript", "Timeline: Guerrilla: The Taking of Patty Hearst", "1975 Year in Review: Patty Hearst Jailed", Patricia Hearst identified in photos of bank robbery, "City of Inglewood 100th Anniversary 1908-2008", "Officer who investigated Patty Hearst's 1974 shoot-out in Inglewood says the incident shouldn't be 'erased from history.' [8], Hearst's kidnapping was partly opportunistic, as she happened to live near the SLA hideout. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! [83] At the 2017 show, Hearst's French bulldog Tuggy won Best of Breed, and Rubi won Best of Opposite Sex.

What you know, and you know in your hearts to be true is beyond dispute. "[55][56] Prosecutor James L. Browning Jr. asked the other psychiatrist testifying for the prosecution, Dr. Joel Fort, if Hearst was in fear of death or great bodily injury during the robbery, to which he answered, "No", but Bailey angrily objected. On February 4, 1974, a group of men and women knocked on nineteen-year-old Patty Hearst’s apartment door and proceeded to kidnap her, driving away with Patty stowed in the trunk of their car and beating up her fiancé in the process. [50][67][75][76], Two months after her release from prison, Hearst married Bernard Lee Shaw (1945–2013),[77] a policeman who was part of her security detail during her time on bail. After the trial, he wrote a newspaper article asking President Carter to release Hearst from prison. San Francisco (AP), "Indict Patty on Rbbery". [14], Emily Harris went to a Berkeley rally to commemorate the deaths of Angela Atwood and other founding members of the SLA who had died during the police siege. After serving two years in prison, however, President Carter commuted Patty’s sentence, which was later pardoned by President Bill Clinton as one of his final acts in office. Virtually everything about it was controversial, from the judge's seeming lack of impartiality, to her defense's claims of Stockholm Syndrome, to the fact that a kidnapping … At her trial, the prosecution suggested that Hearst had joined the Symbionese Liberation Army of her own volition. [27][28] He tried to shoot back, but Hearst began aiming closer. [10][12][13][14], On April 3, 1974, two months after she was abducted, Hearst announced on an audiotape that she had joined the SLA and taken the name "Tania"[15] (inspired by the nom de guerre of Haydée Tamara Bunke Bider, Che Guevara's comrade).

On February 4, 1974, a group of men and women knocked on nineteen-year-old Patty Hearst’s apartment door and proceeded to kidnap her, driving away with Patty stowed in the trunk of their car and beating up her fiancé in the process.