He rejected Aristotelian theories based on ideas like the four elements (earth, water, fire, and air). Boyle explained his experimental results by referring to the motion or alteration of corpuscules. All the fame which he received came from his valuable addition to scientific laws in chemistry.  © Instead, he thought that everything was made of 'certain primitive and simple, or perfectly unmingled bodies...not being made of any other bodies, or of one another' - or in other words, atoms. Later, that college became the Royal Society of London. As a scientist, Boyle valued experimentation and empirical observation. Robert Boyle was a famous chemist of the 17th century.

In 1655 or 1666, Boyle moved to Oxford. Boyle was a leading intellectual figure of the 17th century and one of the founders of modern chemistry. Boyle studied there for around three years. His mother died when he was only 8 years old. Along with the Greek he acquired in childhood, he learned Hebrew, Cyriac, and Chaldee so that he could read the text firsthand. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. Will 5G Impact Our Cell Phone Plans (or Our Health?! This states that if the volume of a gas is decreased, the pressure increases proportionally. The house left by his father at Stalbridge was named after him. Upon his death, he endowed a series of lectures in his will designed to defend Christianity. His theorem called Boyle’s Law reasons that because a fixed mass of gas can be compressed, gas must be made of particles, or atoms, because there is space between them. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Additionally, he became popular for the theological writings. Robert Boyle was a famous chemist of the 17th century. Engraved portrait of Robert Boyle Yet he would not avow himself a follower of Bacon, or indeed of any other teacher. You are giving permission to use our cookies by using this site. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Robert Boyle (1627-1691) is known as “The Father of Chemistry” for his discovery that atoms must exist based on the relationship between pressure and volume of gas. Today, this seems like it shouldn't even be called science, but at the time, it was the way discoveries were made. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. But, in the 1640s, his focus took a dramatic turn. It states that when a gas is compressed, the volume of the gas decreases proportionally as the pressure increases, and vice versa. In 1645, Boyle was put in charge of several family estates, marking the beginning of his scientific research. Boyle stayed in the father’s house until 1652 and researched on scientific methods. And a new study... South American Plant Fossils Confirm Flood Boundary. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 79,000 He became a member of the Royal Society of London and was elected as the president of it later, but he refused the position. Secular scientists continue to struggle to explain the origin of Earth’s water.

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In Italy, he studied the works of Galileo Galilei on stars in 1641. Robert Boyle was born in County Waterford, Ireland and studied at Eton College and Oxford University in England. His response to critics of this work included the first mention of the law that the volume of a gas varies inversely to the pressure of the gas, what many physicists call today "Boyle's Law."1. But, in the 1640s, his focus took a dramatic turn. He was the 14th child in the very wealthy family of the Earl of Cork. Boyle was more interested in observing nature and drawing his conclusions from what actually happened. Why do mosquitoes attack humans? The second edition of this work, published in 1662, delineated the quantitative relationship that Boyle derived from … Since he was rich, Richard hired a private tutor for teaching his son, Robert Boyle. Besides, he was also an inventor and physicist. Visit the Important People in World History Study Guide page to learn more. Boyle set up a private laboratory at his house and took an enthusiastic interest in c… Anyone can earn All rights reserved. What: Father of Modern Chemistry Boyle's great merit as a scientific investigator is that he carried out the principles which Francis Bacon espoused in the Novum Organum. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. The original hypothesis was that of Henry Power in 1661 (though Boyle mistakenly attributed it to Richard Townley in his writings). Who: Robert Boyle Already registered? In 1660, he became one of 11 founding members of the Royal Society, an experimental group based in London that still exists today. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Boyle is known for his insistence on mechanical explanations for natural phenomena. Understanding that his results could be explained if all gases were made of tiny particles, Boyle tried to construct a universal 'corpuscular theory' of chemistry. His theorem called Boyle’s Law reasons that because a fixed mass of gas can be compressed, gas must be made of particles, or atoms, because there is space between them. His father was Richard Boyle, who had arrived from England in 1588 with a modest sum of money.

In 1660, he published his New Experiments Physico-Mechanical, Touching the Spring of the Air, and its Effects Made, for the most part, in a New Pneumatical Engine. Indeed, the philosopher John Locke, who was also committed to the Baconian method of natural history, edited Boyle’s General History of the Air and saw it through the press the year after Boyle died. In 1680 he refused the presidency of the Royal Society because the oath required violated his strongly held religious principles. Robert Boyle was born on 25th January 1627 at Lismore, Waterford, Ireland. Robert Boyle was born into an aristocratic family on January 25, 1627 in Lismore Castle, in the small town of Lismore, Ireland. Robert Boyle was a 17th century chemist, philosopher, and theological writer famous for his invention of Boyle's Law and his vacuum pump. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com.